Kaziranga National Park

Facts & Figures

Area: 430 sq km
Altitude: 65-200 m above sea level
Temperature Range: 38°C - 5.1°C
Best time to visit: nov-april


Kaziranga National Park

Kaziranga is a title of a remarkable success story of conservation of the One Horned India Rhinoceros and other wild lives in the North East India. It is not only the homeland of the Great Indian One Horned Rhinoceros, but also provides shelter to a variety of wild lives. It is one of the significant natural habitat for in situ conservation of biological biodiversity of universal value. The values and criteria made Kaziranga National Park to get inscribed in the World Heritage Site List 1985.

Flora in Kaziranga National Park:

Kaziranga National Park is situated in a region with abundant and very heavy rainfalls. The favorable climate with plenty of rainfall supports the growth of a very rich and varied flora in Kaziranga National Park.
The flora in Kaziranga National Park chiefly constitute of three major types: alluvial inundated grasslands comprising of tall thickets of elephant grass and short grasses, tropical wet evergreen forests and tropical semi-evergreen forests. But, the main characteristics of flora in Kaziranga are the dense and tall elephant grass intermixed by small swamplands left behind by the receding floodwaters of the river Brahmaputra.

In addition to grasses and forests, the swamps of Kaziranga National Park have an abundant cover of water lilies, water hyacinth and lotus, providing a beautiful look to the surroundings of the park. Rattan Cane, which is a type of climbing palm, also adds to the natural beauty of Kaziranga National Park. According to a Landsat data for 1986, the different vegetation coverage in Kaziranga National Park is as follows: Tall thickets of elephant grasses 41%, short grasses 11%, open jungle 29%, rivers and water bodies 8%, sand 6% and swamps 4%..

Fauna of Kaziranga National Park

Kaziranga is best venue to get vis-à-vis with Great Indian One-Horned Rhinoceros (1,855), Wild Asiatic Water Buffalo, and Eastern Swamp Deer. Also look out for elephants, gaur, samabar, and Indian Muntjac, wild boar, and hog deer. Hispid Hare, Indian Gray Mongoose, Small Indian Mongooses, Large Indian Civet, Small Indian Civets, Bengal Fox, Golden Jackal, Sloth Bear, Chinese Pangolin, Indian Pangolins, Hog Badger, Chinese Ferret Badgers, and Particolored flying squirrels are also highlight of the park. The Assamese Macaque, Capped, Golden Langur, as well as the only ape found in India, the Hoolock Gibbon must not be missed. And do explore dolphins! Amazed yes, Ganges is only freshwater river which is an inhabitant of the dolphins.

Attraction of National Park:

Attractions - Close look at Rhino, Swamp deer etc. on 'Elephant Safari' every morning. Sighting variety of wildlife by 'Jeep Safari', thousands of local and migratory birds flocking in wetlands and the scenic beauty of Karbi Anglong Hills.

Significance: Largest undivided representative area of Brahmaputra valley flood plain grassland, complex eco-system of grassland, where various stages of biotic succession in.



Access From Airport

The closest airport- Lucknow - 245 kms from Dudhwa

Access From Railways

The nearest airport is situated at Guwahati, which is 217 kms. away from the park. The other airport is located at Jorhat, 97 kms. from Kaziranga.

Access From Roadways

The main gate for Kaziranga Wildlife Sanctuary, at Kohora on the National Highway No. 37, consists of a handful of cafes and a small local market. ASTC and private buses stop here on their way to and from Guwahati, Tezpur and Upper Assam.